When planting a new lawn, the first step is to kill and remove any poor-quality turf. This process can be accomplished through the application of herbicides. To kill unwanted grass and weeds to the roots select an herbicide that degrades quickly (does not last long in the environment), such as glyphosate (Roundup or Killzall). Mix according to the manufacturer’s directions, add just a few drops of dishwashing liquid soap or another surfactant to help the herbicide stick to vegetation. Then completely cover all grass plants and weeds. Take care not to spray on garden plants. Apply on a sunny, windless day when the temperature is above 60°F. If the turf has not completely died after four weeks reapply the herbicide and then wait one week after the last application before tilling the dead turf into your soil.
A healthy lawn needs good soil. Once the old lawn has been removed grade the soil for your new lawn. Use a metal landscaping rake if the grading adjustments are minor. The finished grade should be at the level of surrounding areas like a patio or sidewalk. Lawns started from seed are best planted in the early fall. Select the seed that works best for your application & our cool grass season. Sow the seed evenly from a spreader, walking at a slow, steady pace and allowing a 6 inch overlap of seeds. Protect the grass seed by covering with either straw or peat moss. Water frequently to keep the seed moist (don’t saturate). Morning is the best time to water. Watering in the evening is acceptable but does increase the risk of turf fungus. Cut watering back to once a day when the grass reaches about 1 inch in high.